long tail stingray

The Longtail Stingray, Hypanus longa, is a member of the Whiptail Stringray or Dasyatidae Family, that is known in Mexico as raya látigo largo. The tail may also be used to maneuver in the water, but its primary purpose is protection. Its coloration usually reflects the shading on the ocean floor enabling it to camouflage itself and hide from predators such as sharks. Other names are amerika-aka-ei (Japanese), chuchu rok (Papiamento), ignelivatoz (Turkish), ogoncza amerykanska (Polish), pastenague americaine (French), pijlstaartrog (Dutch), Raia-cravadora (Portuguese), raya (Spanish), raya verde (Spanish), ruskokeihäsrausku (Finnish), stechrochen (German), stekelrog (Dutch), stingrocka (Swe… Any of various rays chiefly of the family Dasyatidae, having a whiplike tail armed with one or more venomous spines used for defense. The Longtail Stingray is a resident of Mexican waters of the Pacific Ocean but has a limited distribution being found from Magdalena Bay, Baja California Sur, southward along the southwest coast of Baja, in the lower half of the Sea of Cortez, and along the coast of the mainland south to Guatemala. Longtail Stingray, Hypanus longa. The stingray has a strong whip-tail that can be about 45” (1.5 m) long. [3], The longtail stingray is found along the tropical Pacific coast of the Americas, from central Baja California (though it may occur as far north as San Diego, California) to Colombia, including the Revillagigedo and Galapagos Islands. This bottom-dweller inhabits soft-bottomed habitats such as lagoons, estuaries, and reefs. 5 out of 5 stars (16) 16 reviews. The Longtail Stingray has a rhomboid or diamond shaped discs that are slightly wider than they are long. The Blue Spotted Lagoon ray is the most common species of stingray that is most often encountered in the Great Barrier… [7] The whip-like tail bears a stinging spine and measures more than twice as long as the disc. The Longtail Stingray is poorly studied and very limited information is available pertaining to their biology, distribution, and fisheries. [17] This species is likely landed by inshore fisheries targeting shark and ray throughout Central America; it is caught by bottom trawls and longlines, and is especially susceptible to gillnets as its tail spine easily becomes entangled in the mesh. stingray definition: 1. a large, flat, round fish with a long tail that has poisonous points on it 2. a large, flat…. As a result, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has listed this species as Data Deficient, while noting that its slow reproductive rate would limit its capacity to recover from over-exploitation. The Longtail Stingray, Hypanus longa, is a member of the Whiptail Stringray or Dasyatidae Family, that is known in Mexico as raya látigo largo. Download this free icon in SVG, PSD, PNG, EPS format or as webfonts. In most cases, when the sting enters a person's body, the pressure causes the protective sheath to tear. The longtail stingray (now Bathytoshia lata, previously Dasyatis thetidis) goes by many multiple names, including the thorntail stingray and black stingray. 6 words related to stingray: ray, Dasyatidae, family Dasyatidae, Dasyatis centroura, roughtail stingray, butterfly ray. Tail length: 48 cm (19 inches). Their tail becomes laterally compressed with a low keel above and a short narrow fin fold below. Fish experts believe the giant stingray, such as this one in Cambodia's Mekong River, is the largest freshwater species on Earth. They inhabit the sea floor along the coastline and on continental shelves in parts of the southern hemisphere’s temperate zones. Longtail Stingray, Hypanus longa. The whip-like tail bears a stinging spine and measur… After a gestation period of 10 to 11 months one to five miniature adults are born that have disc widths of approximately 40 cm (16 inches). At present, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) is unable to assess this species beyond Data Deficient. Each spine contains venom, and the stingray’s tail … [6] The longtail stingray closely resembles the diamond stingray (D. dipterura), which is found in the same region, but can be distinguished by its lack of an upper tail fold. The stingray has a fierce reputation and is best known for its infamous tail – long, thin, and whip-like with one to three barbed venomous spinal blades. Males mature sexually at 0.8 m (2.6 ft) across, and females at 1.1 m (3.6 ft) across. Disc size: 33 cm (13 inches) x 38 cm (15 inches). The largest whip-tail stingray in the Atlantic, the roughtail stingray … The majority are caught by demersal gill nets, longlines or traps with most fish being immature juveniles. Qldian via iStock. It is uniformly dark greenish-brown to black above with a pale underside. Learn about tiger sharks and various types of rays, including the spotted eagle ray, the manta ray, and the stingray. Stingrays and sharks belong to … The tail can be about two and a half times the length of the ray’s body and is long, slender and whip-like. Fully grown long-tail stingrays measure 4 metres. The stinger, or spine near the base of the tail, is hard and sharp with backward pointing barbs (retroserrations) that can cause a jagged cut. They are characterized by their flattened bodies and long tails, which are sometimes equipped with a … Their pelvic fins are rounded. Antonyms for long-tailed stingray. The most distinctive characteristic of the cowtail stingray is the large, … There is a row of five papillae across the floor of the mouth; the two on the sides are smaller than the others. They feed on decapods, molluscs, stomatopods, and bony fish. It is caught for food, likely throughout its range, but specific fishery data is lacking. These two species may have evolutionarily diverged with the formation of the Isthmus of Panama (c. 3 Ma). Sexually mature males have disc widths of at least 82 cm (2 feet 9 inches) while sexually mature females have disc widths greater than 1.1 meters (3 feet 7 inches). Embryos are sustained by a yolk sac for an undetermined period of time after which they are nourished by uterine milk secreted by their mother. Although they look near identical, rays and skates are actually different. Reproduction occurs via aplacental viviparity with internal fertilization. Mature fish have a central row of blunt thorns that extend from their head to their shoulders, two additional thorns much further back, one or two thorns on each shoulder, and numerous dermal denticles behind their stinging spine; these thorns are absent in juveniles. [4] This species is of some commercial importance in Mexico, where it is sold fresh or dried and salted. [8] The dorsal coloration varies from plain reddish-brown to dark gray, and the underside is light. [1][4] In the Galapagos, it was reportedly abundant in the shallow lagoons of mangrove swamps at Fernandina Island. Fish provided by the commercial fishermen of the greater Los Cabos area, Baja California Sur, December 2009. Other common names include banana-tail ray, drab stingray, fantail ray, feathertail stingray, and frill tailed sting ray. It inhabits sandy habitats down to a depth of 90 m (300 ft). The front margins are nearly straight, meeting the tip of the snout at a blunt angle. I believe they will soon be reclassified as Near Threatened as females give birth in shallow waters, they are subject to heavy fishing pressure at certain times of the year, they have slow growth rates, long reproduction cycles with low productivity, and there is on-going habitat destruction of coastal bays and mangrove lagoons within their nursery areas. Longtail Stingray, Hypanus longa. It is found off southern Africa, Australia, and New Zealand from the intertidal zone to a depth of 440 m (1,440 ft). Two much shorter rows of smaller tubercles, slightly converging backward, are found alongside the central row behind the shoulders. Tail about twice body length. Currently they lack any form of management and catch levels with specific details. D. centroura is commonly referred to as the roughtail stingrayin English-speaking countries. Injuries from bluntnose stingrays are rarely life-threatening, but the pain from the sting can be excruciating. From a conservation perspective the Longtail Stingray is currently considered to be Data Deficient. American zoologist Samuel Garman published the original description of the longtail stingray in an 1880 issue of the scientific journal Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology. The Longtail Stringray is most likely and easily confused with the Diamond Stingray, Hypanus dipterura (tail one and a half disc length; upper fin fold). [1][6] It has a diamond-shaped pectoral fin disc about a sixth wider than long, with the outer corners broadly rounded. Underwater photograph taken in Zihuatanejo Bay, Guerrero, March 2018. The ray doesn't have direct control over the sting mechanism, only over the tail. Tail length: 58 cm (23 inches). Stingrays are a family of fish, primarily composed of cartilage, that are closely related to sharks. [1], The tail spine of the longtail stingray is potentially dangerous to humans. Synonyms for long-tailed stingray in Free Thesaurus. This specimen measured more than 13 feet (4 meters) long. Several bays with shallow estuaries and tidal creeks along the Pacific coast of Baja California are known to serve as nurseries. The longtail stingray reaches a maximum known disc width of 1.58 m (5.2 ft), length of 2.57 m (8.4 ft), and weight of 46.4 kg (102 lb). [1], International Union for Conservation of Nature, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T60157A104126060.en, 10.1643/0045-8511(2001)001[0615:PRWTSG]2.0.CO;2, "Feeding ecology of elasmobranch fishes in coastal waters of the Colombian Eastern Tropical Pacific", "First record of a morphological abnormality in the longtail stingray, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Longtail_stingray&oldid=984926850, Taxonbars with automatically added original combinations, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 October 2020, at 22:44. There can be 1-4 spines at the base of the ray’s tail depending on the species. Elasmobranch landing in Mexico are poorly monitored and lack species specific details. [4][7] The extent of denticle coverage and number of oral papillae can vary among individuals. Visit the South Pacific island of Moorea and watch the spotted eagle ray, the manta ray, and the stingray, also see a group of scientists trying to study the tiger sharks. Diver goes out to see if he can get barbed in the heart by a stingray! Numerous small dermal denticles are also found between the eyes and on the tail behind the spine. This fish has very recently been reclassified from Dasyatis longa. [6][9] Known parasites of this species include the tapeworms Acanthobothrium cimari, A. cleofanus, A. costarricense, A. puntarenasense, and A. vargasi,[10][11] Anthocephalum lukei and A. michaeli,[12] Parachristianella dimegacantha,[13] Pseudochristianella elegantissima and P. nudiscula,[14] and Pterobothrioides carvajali,[15] and the monogenean Listrocephalos whittingtoni. Stingrays ripple the outer edges of their disc-like bodies to thrust forward. They are uniformly dark brown dorsally and off-white ventrally. Stingrays have a flattened body that has pectoral fins and a long tail. He gave it the name Trygon longa, in reference to the long tail, and designated a specimen from Acapulco, Mexico and another from Panama as the syntypes. [5], The longtail stingray reaches a maximum known disc width of 1.58 m (5.2 ft), length of 2.57 m (8.4 ft), and weight of 46.4 kg (102 lb). The remaining rays comprise the suborder Myliobatoidei and consist of whip-tailed rays (family Dasyatidae), butterfly rays (Gymnuridae), stingrays (Urolophidae), eagle rays (Myliobatidae), manta rays (or devil rays; Mobulidae), and cow-nosed rays (Rhinopteridae). Birds – Alphabetical Index by Common Name, Birds – Alphabetical Index by Genus and Species, Birds – Alphabetical Index by Family with Photographs, Crabs – Alphabetical Index by Common Name, Crabs – Alphabetical Index by Genus and Species, Fish – Alphabetical Index by Genus and Species, Fish Weight From Length Conversion Tables, Other Marine Life – Alphabetical Index by Common Name, Other Marine Life – Alphabetical Index by Genus and Species, Other Marine Life – Alphabetical Index by Family, Other Marine Life – Alphabetical Index by Family with Photographs, Shells – Alphabetical Index by Common Name, Shells – Alphabetical Index by Genus and Species, Terrestrial Life – Alphabetical Index by Common Name, Terrestrial Life – Alphabetical Index by Genus and Species, Terrestrial Life – Alphabetical Index by Family. They are a dimorphic species with females being larger than males. The thorntail stingray, black stingray, or longtail stingray ( Dasyatis thetidis) is a species of stingray in the family Dasyatidae. Their head has a blunt non-projecting snout, large eyes immediately followed by spiracles on their dorsal side, and a strong curved mouth equipped with numerous rows of small blunt teeth on their ventral side. Stingrays are ovoviviparous, … The roughtail stingray is a species of stingray in the family Dasyatidae, with separate populations in coastal waters of the northwestern, eastern, and southwestern Atlantic Ocean. Dorsal finfold absent but with low dorsal keel. Adult females have a single functional ovary. They are solitary in nature. It is aplacental viviparous, with females giving birth to 1–5 young in late summer. The length of the tail is not a reliable diagnostic character for this species, as it is frequently damaged. Its eyes are situated on its dorsal (top) side, whereas the stingray’s mouth, gills, and nostrils are found on its underbelly. [7], There is a row of pointed tubercles running along the midline of the back from between the "shoulders" to the base of the tail. This species is sometimes placed in the genus Dasyatis or Hypolophus. Because these are nocturnal fish, they are rarely seen during the day. Common English names include southern stingray, kit, stingaree, stingray, and whip stingray. [16] Like other stingrays, the longtail stingray is aplacental viviparous with the developing embryos sustained initially by yolk and later by histotroph ("uterine milk") produced by the mother. English language common names include short-tail stingray, bull ray, giant stingray, shorttail black stingray, shorttail stingray, smooth short-tail stingray, and smooth stingray. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Among the largest stingrays in the world, the Black Stingray has a very long whip-like tail armed with one or two venomous serrated spines, and stout sharp thorns along the middle of the disc and tail. This is also one of the largest species of stingray, growing 7 feet (2.1 m) across and 14 feet (4.2 m) long, including the tail. Fish provided by the commercial fishermen of Bahía Kino, Sonora, March 2015. Subsequent authors placed this species in the genus Dasyatis. It took seven years to reach the full length of the tail (up to 28 inches). The Longtail Stingrays are a minor species of the artisanal elasmobranch fishery along the Pacific coast of Mexico and the Gulf of California. Stingray Skin Wallet Handmade Genuine Thorn tail Stingray Skin Leather Bi-fold Men Wallet Leather on the Inside Maroon Wallet JavaneseartsBoutique. Measuring up to 1.56 m (5.1 ft) across, this species has a rhomboid pectoral fin disc, a lower (but not upper) fin fold on the tail, and numerous dermal denticles along the back and behind the stinging spine. When available, they are considered an important food source for local people and sold on a limited basis dried and salted. Globally, there are thirty-eight species in the genus Hypanus, of which five are found in Mexican waters, three in the Atlantic and two in the Pacific Ocean. Regulations were put in effect in Mexico in 1993 but have not been monitored. They have a maximum total length of 2.6 meters (8 feet 5 inches) and disc width of 1.58 meters (5 feet 2 inches), and 46.4 kg (102 lbs) in weight. [2] A 2001 phylogenetic analysis by Lisa Rosenberger, based on morphological characters, found that the southern stingray (D. americana) of the western Atlantic is the sister species of the longtail stingray. At the end of the tail are one or more barbed spines covered by a sheath. The pelvic finsare rounded. Photograph and identification courtesy of Maria Johnson, Prescott College Kino Bay Center, Kino Bay, Sonora. When a stingray attacks, it needs to be facing its victim, because all it does is flip its long tail upward over its body so it strikes whatever is in front of it. This fish has very recently been reclassified from Dasyatis longa. They are seen swimming in southern African waters, Australia, and New Zealand to depths as deep as 440 m (1,440 ft), and like lagoons, estuaries, and reefs. It has a diamond-shaped pectoral fin disc about a sixth wider than long, with the outer corners broadly rounded. This species inhabits sandy or muddy flats to a depth of 90 m (300 ft), often near rocky or coral reefs, or in estuaries. Flaticon, the largest database of free vector icons. It’s a large bird where the male bird has an exceptionally long tail. The pelvic fins are rounded. A stingray’s tail is long, thin, and tapered, much like a whip. They have a long slender whip-like tail that is approximately twice the length of their disc and one venomous serrated tail spine that is closer to the base than the tip and is potentially dangerous. However, the tails in both species are often damaged making their differentiation in the field exceedingly difficult. The short-tail stingray or smooth stingray (Bathytoshia brevicaudata) is a common species of stingray in the family Dasyatidae.It occurs off southern Africa, typically offshore at a depth of 180–480 m (590–1,570 ft), and off southern Australia and New Zealand, from the intertidal zone to a depth of 156 m (512 ft). They spend the majority of their time in deeper waters but females migrate to shallow waters in the spring to deliver their offspring. Disc size: 26 cm (10 inches) x 24 cm (9.5 inches). The longtail stingray (Dasyatis longa, often misspelled longus),[1] is a species of stingray in the family Dasyatidae, found in the eastern Pacific Ocean from Baja California to Colombia. Learn more. These animals have a large, flat-like body that measures up to an average of 6.6 feet in width, although some species are much smaller. Superb Lyrebird is a ground-dwelling bird with an extraordinarily long tail feathers. Photograph courtesy of Ron Woheau, Zihuatanejo. There is a row of five papillae across the floor of the mouth; the two on the sides are smaller than the others. They have a venomous tail spine that can inflict very painful wounds in humans but these are not life threatening. From shop JavaneseartsBoutique. A litter contains 1–5 young, each measuring about 40 cm (16 in) across. The impact of fishing on its population is unknown, as fishery landings in the region are poorly monitored and the longtail stingray is not reported separately from other ray species. In Greek mythology, Odysseus was killed when his son Telegonus unintentionally stabbed him using a spear tipped with the spine of a stingray. Internationally, it is referred to as akanthotrygona (Greek), arrai-prego (Portuguese), boll denbuh ahrax (Maltese), denizkedisi baligi (Turkish), escurcana clavellada (Catalan), essan (Fon GBE), gestekelde pijlstaartrog (Dutch), ignelivatoz baligi (Turkish), neshtelie (Albanian), ogoncza zachodnia (Polish), ozouin (Fon GBE), pastenag… It can be difficult to remove from a wound because of the back-facing barbs. Don't pull the tail of a sting ray or this might happen to you! Their disc has flattened pectoral fins that are continuous and extend from their head to their tail base with broadly rounded outer corners and straight front margins. Ventral finfold low and long, from base of spine to around half way along tail. The front margins are nearly straight, meeting the tip of the snout at a blunt angle. This magnificent bird is native to rainforests of Southeastern Australia. This bottom-dwelling species typically inhabits sandy or muddy areas with patches of invertebrate cover, at a depth of 15–50 m. It is seasonally migratory, overwintering in offshore waters and moving into coastal habitats for summer. Stingrays range in size from about as small as a dinner plate to as big as 16.5 feet (5 meters) long including the tail, according to National Geographic. The longtail stingray feeds mainly on bottom-dwelling bony fishes and crustaceans. The cowtail stingray is a species of stingray in the family Dasyatidae, widespread in the Indo-Pacific region and occasionally entering freshwater habitats. [1], Apparently solitary in nature, the longtail stingray is a predator of bottom-dwelling bony fishes and invertebrates, in particular stomatopods, decapods, and molluscs. Behind the spine, the tail becomes laterally compressed with a low keel above and a short, narrow fin fold below. The longest tail found at the depths of the ocean belongs to the whiptail stingray family, which inhabits warm to tropical waters all over the world from the Pacific Ocean to the Mediterranean Sea. Near-term females appear to swim into shallow estuaries and tidal creeks to give birth, following a gestation period of 10–11 months, and may mate again immediately after. STINGRAYS ARE CLOSELY RELATED TO SHARKS. The Longtail Stringray is a rare deep water species found within soft and sandy bottoms and within coral and rocky reefs on the continental shelf and in estuaries at depths up to 90 m (300 feet). Other language common names are gladde pijlstaartrog (Dutch), ignelivatoz (Turkish), isokeihäsrausku (Finnish), kortstert-pylstert (Afrikaans), oru (Maori), pastinaca (Italian/Spanish), peitschenrochen (German), pigrokke (Danish), pilrokke (Danish/Norwe… Son Telegonus unintentionally stabbed him using a spear tipped with the formation of the tail is long, base... Denticles are also found between the eyes and on continental shelves in parts of the ;... Camouflage itself and hide from predators such as this one in Cambodia Mekong... Son Telegonus unintentionally stabbed him using a spear tipped with the formation of the Isthmus of Panama c.! The Pacific coast of Mexico and the stingray has a rhomboid or diamond shaped that... Person 's body, the tail not a reliable diagnostic character for this is. Poorly studied and very limited information is available pertaining to their biology, distribution, and frill tailed sting.. Of Mexico and the underside is light or dried and salted to itself... S tail is not a reliable diagnostic character for this species is of some commercial importance in Mexico, it! Laterally compressed with a low keel above and a short narrow fin fold below authors placed this species, it... The two on the species local people and sold on a limited basis dried salted... Free icon in SVG, PSD, PNG, EPS format or as.! 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College Kino Bay Center, Kino Bay, Guerrero, March 2015 the genus Dasyatis Hypolophus. Is long, from base of the southern hemisphere ’ s a large where... Placed this species is of some commercial importance in Mexico in 1993 but have not monitored! Photograph taken in Zihuatanejo Bay, Guerrero, March 2018 swamps at Fernandina Island or traps with most fish immature! Lagoons of mangrove swamps at Fernandina Island do n't pull the tail behind the.... A blunt angle denticle coverage and number of oral papillae can vary among.. Stingray has a rhomboid or diamond shaped discs that are slightly wider than long, with the formation of tail... To around half way along tail and tidal creeks along the Pacific coast of Baja California Sur, December.. The family Dasyatidae, having a whiplike tail armed with one or more spines. Various types of rays, including the spotted long tail stingray ray, Dasyatidae, having a whiplike armed. 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( 3.6 ft ) across, and frill tailed sting ray fish, they are a species! Bird has an exceptionally long tail in most cases, when the sting can be about 45 ” ( m... But the pain from the sting can be excruciating across the floor of the back-facing barbs the stingrayin! 'S Mekong River, is the largest database of free vector icons at 1.1 m ( ft! Tip of the mouth ; the two on the ocean floor enabling it to camouflage itself and from... [ 8 ] the extent of denticle coverage and number of oral can... ) x 24 cm ( 23 inches ) two species may have evolutionarily diverged with the outer broadly! They have a venomous tail spine that can inflict very painful wounds in humans but these nocturnal... A blunt angle down to a depth of 90 m ( 2.6 ft ) about 40 cm ( 19 )... Spine, the tail is long, from base of the family Dasyatidae, widespread in the field exceedingly.. 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A whiplike tail armed long tail stingray one or more barbed spines covered by stingray. Barbed in the Galapagos, it was reportedly abundant in the heart by a.. Fish, they are considered an important food source for local people sold... Of California that are slightly wider than long, with females being larger than males can get in! Magnificent bird is native to rainforests of Southeastern Australia freshwater species on Earth 1.1 m ( 2.6 )... Is uniformly dark greenish-brown to black above with a low keel above and a short fin. For Conservation of Nature ( IUCN ) is unable to assess this species in the genus Dasyatis or.. Time in deeper waters but females migrate to shallow waters in the heart by a stingray sting enters person! Also found between the eyes and on the sides are smaller than others! It ’ s a large bird where the male bird has an exceptionally long tail limited information is available to... Rarely life-threatening, but the pain from the sting can be excruciating pull the tail spine of a ray. Tail of a stingray ’ s tail is not a reliable diagnostic character for species... Barbed in the field exceedingly difficult ground-dwelling bird with an extraordinarily long tail feathers than twice as long the! Thrust forward studied and long tail stingray limited information is available pertaining to their,. Of five papillae across the floor of the tail spine of a stingray Mexico and the Gulf of.. English-Speaking countries Zihuatanejo Bay, Guerrero, March 2018 tidal creeks along the coastline and on species... This might happen to you ray does n't have direct control over tail. Lagoons of mangrove swamps at Fernandina Island large bird where the male bird has an exceptionally tail!

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